Standardized image-based polysomnography database and deep learning algorithm for sleep-stage classification
- We constructed 10253 image-based PSG datasets using a standardized format. Among these, 7745 diagnostic PSG data were used to develop our DL model. The DL model using the image dataset showed similar performance to the signal-based dataset for the same subject. The overall DL accuracy was greater than 80%, even with severe obstructive sleep apnea. Moreover, for the first time, we showed explainable DL in the field of sleep medicine as visualized key inference regions using Eigen-class activation maps. Furthermore, when a DL model for sleep scoring performs external validation, we achieved a relatively good performance.